ANIMAL BITE

  • ANIMAL BITES vary with the size of the attacking animal an the bite location(s)
  • Click on the specific wound area(s) below for further information

 

INSECT STING

  • INSECT STINGS in N. America are non-toxic, but allergic reactions may occur
  • Insects of concern include bees. wasps, hornets, ants
  • Variable pain and swelling at sting site, depending on insect involved
  • Allergic reaction may occur, including facial swelling, hives
  • Shock may occur, including pale gums, rapid heart rate, shallow breathing
  • If stinger is still in the patient, it should be carefully removed
  • If directed by veterinarian. inject Benadryl 2mg/lb IM
  • Transport patient to veterinary hospital for treatment of pain and other symptoms

 

SCORPION STING

  • Most SCORPION STINGS in N. America are non-toxic; their venom is painful only
  • Some scorpions are more dangerous, injecting digestive enzymes and neurotoxin
  • Example: Centruroides exilicauda, found in arid regions of the southwest U.S.
  • Symptoms vary with the type and amount of venom injected:
  • Intense pain at sting site, increased salivation, dilated pupils, muscle tremors,
  • abnormal heart rhythm, difficult breathing, respiratory failure and death
  • If stinger is still in the patient, it should be carefully removed
  • Transport patient to veterinary hospital for treatment of pain and other symptoms

 

SKUNK SPRAY

  • SKUNK SPRAY is a common problem for curious dogs that spend time outdoors
  • Spray in the eyes may cause irritation, redness, increased tear production
  • Spray in the mouth may cause salivation, vomiting
  • Spray in the nose or throat may cause sneezing. coughing & difficult breathing
  • Bathe dog with tomato paste, allowing the paste to stay on for 30 minutes or more
  • This treatment will need to be repeated several times to be effective
  • If eyes are irritated. flush them thoroughly with saline, eyewash or water
  • Transport patient to veterinary hospital for further treatment as needed

 

SNAKE BITE

  • SNAKE BITE WOUNDS are uncommon due to snakes’ reclusive & nocturnal habits
  • Snakes of concern in North America include pit vipers, coral snakes
  • Symptoms vary with amount of venom injected & may be delayed for several hours:
  • Intense pain & swelling at bite location, face or limb paralysis,
  • increased salivation, difficult breathing, respiratory failure and death
  • Shock may occur – pale gums, rapid heart rate, shallow breathing
  • If bite is on a limb, place a moderately snug tourniquet between bite area & heart
  • Blood flowing from the bite area to the heart should be slowed, not stopped
  • If directed by veterinarian, inject Benadryl 2mg/lb IM
  • DO NOT try to remove venom with incisions or suction
  • DO NOT wait for on onset of symptoms – rush patient to veterinary hospital at once!

 

SPIDER BITE

  • Most SPIDER BITES in N. America are non-toxic; their venom is painful only
  • (error here – “Some scorpions are more …”)
  • Symptoms  vary with the type and amount of venom injected:
  • Intense pain at sting site, increased salivation, dilated pupils, muscle tremors,
  • abnormal heart rhythm, difficult breathing, respiratory failure and death
  • If stinger is still in the patient, it should be carefully removed
  • Transport patient to veterinary hospital for treatment of pain and other symptoms

 

PORCUPINE QUILLS

  • PORCUPINES defend themselves with about 30,000 quills along their back & tail
  • The quills are 1-2.5 inches in length and set with tiny, scale like barbs
  • Obvious porcupine quills embedded in the skin, eyes, mouth, etc.
  • If there are only a few quills in the skin, they can be removed as follows:
  • Hold down the skin surrounding the quill
  • Grab the quill as near to skin as possible with pliers or hemostat, pull firmly
  • If a will tip breaks off under skin, inflammation & infection may occur
  • If there are many quills, or if quills are in the eyes of mouth, seek veterinary care
  • Anesthesia will generally be require for extensive quill removal